Indonesia’s population of more than 262 million (at the beginning of 2018) places Indonesia in fourth place as one of the most populous countries among 193 countries in the world. According to the World Bank, there are 14.4 million people aged 65 years and over in Indonesia.
There is a growth of 40% for parents by 2025, which will also put Indonesia under the spotlight. Indonesia is one of the fastest aging countries in Asia. This surprising increase will have a major impact on economic levels for many industries, especially in the healthcare and medical equipment sectors.
- The CAGR of medical devices is 16.7 percent for 2013-2018.
- In 2018, the Indonesian medical equipment market is predicted to exceed IDR 13.5 billion (USD 1 billion).
- The total value of imported medical equipment is estimated at IDR 28.4 trillion (USD 2,030 million) in 2018.
- For the “Personal Care” segment related to the health care sector, revenue was IDR 6.3 trillion (USD 450 million), with a growth rate of 14.9 percent (CAFT 2018-2022), with a market volume of IDR 11 trillion ( USD 785 million) by 2022.
- The largest class of medical imports is medical consumption products.
Medical Equipment Market in Indonesia
Due to the aging population and many elderly diseases in Indonesia, such as hypertension, diabetes, stroke, arthritis, cardiovascular problems, and other chronic diseases, there is a huge demand from the medical equipment and health care markets. This sector is estimated to exceed USD 1 billion or equivalent to IDR 13.5 trillion. Among these figures, foreign products take over 95 percent of the market, only 5 percent for local products.
Indonesia relies on imported medical equipment and supplies to meet local needs, especially from a growing middle class. The total value of imported medical equipment increased from IDR 10.1 trillion (USD 726 million) in 2015 to IDR 14.5 trillion (USD 1,035 million) in 2016, and finally reached IDR 28.4 trillion (USD 2,030 million) in 2018.
Imported medical equipment is designed towards modern medical instruments and infrastructure, such as lasers, CT scans, and other diagnostic equipment. On the other hand, domestic medical equipment manufacturers mostly make basic items, such as surgical gloves, orthopedic aids, bandages, and hospital furniture. However, since 2016, Indonesian companies have also become manufacturers of complex instruments, such as sphygmomanometers, stethoscopes, urine catheters, baby incubators, nebulizers, dental chairs, ECGs, blood grouping reagents, first aid kits, and kits.
Mid-range Medical Equipment
In addition, local medical equipment manufacturers in Indonesia are also starting to engage in mid-range technology at a more affordable cost to meet the needs of the middle class, such as ultrasound and X-ray equipment. As a result, there is more competition for improving the quality of healthcare and mid-range medical equipment in terms of volume and value.
Local companies such as Indofarma and Kalbe Farma have diversified their product portfolios beyond just pharmaceutical manufacturing. They lead and develop their medical equipment for sale in Indonesia. Several other local companies and innovators also participated in the IndoHCF Award 2017, demonstrating their innovations in medical equipment concerning heart and kidney examinations. According to the Ministry of Health, local medical equipment manufacturers are expected to be able to master middle-class medical and health care equipment by 2035.
Medical Institutes and Hospitals in Indonesia
Medical equipment registration is regulated in Regulation No. 1477 / C / SK / IV / 91, which is supervised by the General Director of Food and Medicine under the Ministry of Health. The Indonesian Ministry of Health is responsible for bidding on all public hospital purchases for single-use medical supplies and medical equipment.
Many private medical institutes and clinics that have opened in big cities have experienced significant growth despite the economic slowdown. Most medical costs are for the private health care system, accounting for 53.4 percent of total spending on health care.
The island of Java offers a high standard of medical care in Indonesia, especially in the capital city of Jakarta. The need for high-quality medical services led to the growth of small and sophisticated private hospitals. As of 2016, Indonesia had a total of 2,601 hospitals, 988 privately owned and 1,613 managed by the public sector, according to Indonesia’s Ministry of Health.
Foreign Investments and Ongoing Projects
In 2017, investment in the medical services industry in Indonesia jumped sevenfold to IDR 4.7 trillion (USD 343 million) in 20