Even though it is known as one of the fastest-growing countries in the world, access to clean water still needs improvement in Indonesia. According to UNICEF, only 75 percent of Indonesians have access and complete water sanitation. The government has made great efforts to build adequate infrastructure for water management so that the drinking water sector does not lag.
- Indonesia still lacks a clean water supply.
- To ensure that water sanitation is truly developed, an investment of IDR 70,000 (USD 5.00) per capita per year is required.
- Indonesia has about 6 percent of the world’s total water sources and 21 percent of the total water sources in the Asia Pacific region.
- Indonesia ratified its Millennium Development Goals and has a target of halving the proportion of the population without access to basic sanitation facilities by 2015.
Scarcity of Clean Water
Fulfilling the country’s basic needs, especially water, is the responsibility of the government. This archipelago country is facing the problem of clean water with its 266.7 million inhabitants, although Indonesia’s water sources cover 6 percent of the world’s water and 21 percent of the total water in the Asia Pacific region. The law has a biased focus on private water utility companies which was abolished in 2015 to fix the problem.
Only 82 percent of Indonesia’s population has access to quality drinking water, while around 2 percent of them still depend on groundwater for drinking. Clean water in Indonesia is mostly provided by the government institution PAM (Drinking Water Company). On most large islands that use piped water or tap water from PAM, their water is potable.
In 2016, according to the World Health Organization WHO, although Indonesia’s GDP has increased drastically in recent years, more than 51 million people still lack sanitation facilities and 27 million people lack a safe supply of safe water for the body.
Sanitation as a Solution for Clean Water
The target of the Millennium Development Goals is to halve the proportion of the population without access to basic sanitation facilities by 2015. To develop complete sanitation in Indonesia, an investment of around IDR 70,000 (USD 5.00) per capita per year is required. Under the leadership of President Joko Widodo, a budget of IDR 16 trillion (USD 1,163 billion) was allocated for sanitation infrastructure in Indonesia in 2018.
This capital is intended to manage wastewater generated by 853,000 households and build clean water facilities and water management plants. Even though there are so many people in Indonesia who are experiencing a clean water crisis, water sanitation factories and capital allocations in Indonesia are still unable to meet the needs of its 240 million inhabitants throughout Indonesia.
Drinking Water in Indonesia
Menyangkut air minum, Danone, perusahaan global dari Perancis, memiliki hampir 50 persen pangsa pasar air botol. Danone generates sales of more than 10 billion liters of drinking water per year. Aqua-Danone, the company’s favorite bottled water brand, has 15 factories and 11 springs. While there is a great opportunity in the bottled water sector, the commercialization of its water has raised warnings about environmental issues. The main thing is that so many plastic bottles have been used, and second, Aqua-Danone bottles a lot of water which erodes the springs significantly.
Water Management Investments
Along with the Indonesian government’s initiative to increase clean water supply throughout Indonesia, many companies are interested in participating in the water management sector in Indonesia. There are many active projects in areas in Sumatra, Kalimantan and Papua.
One major investor is Adaro Energy. The company has been actively involved in water management and has purchased two water processing plants in Indonesia for IDR 150 million (USD 11.3 million). Its factories are located in Gresik and Banjarbaru. In addition, Adaro Energy will participate in the government’s water management national strategic project in the water management sector, with the aim of producing 4,000 liters of clean water per second.